Turkic languages

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The Turkic languages include Turkish, Azeri, Uzbek, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tatar, Chuvash, Turkmen, Bashkir, and several dozen other languages. The languages are related with varying levels of mutual intelligibility. Our goal is to enhance MT coverage of them with apertium.



name Language ISO formalism state coverage location primary authors
corpus words %cov
trmorph Turkish tr SFST working SETimes ~88% Çağri
"kymorph" Kyrgyz ky HFST (lexc+twol) working azattyk 2010 3.4M ~87% trunk/apertium-tr-ky Jonathan, Mirlan, Fran
turmorph Turkish tr HFST (lexc+twol) development SETimes ~65% Gianluca
Kazakh kk HFST (lexc+twol) development wp 2011-11 ~57% incubator/apertium-ky-kk Nathan, Jonathan, Fran
Chuvash cv HFST (lexc+twol) development ~30% incubator/apertium-cv-ru Hèctor
Tatar tt -
azmorph Azeri az SFST working? - trunk/apertium-tr-az Gianluca

Turkic-Turkic pairs

Text in italic denotes language pairs under development.

tr az tk uz ky kk tt cv ba ug
tr tr-az tr-ky tr-cv
az az-tr
ky ky-tr ky-kk
kk kk-tt
tt tt-kk
cv cv-tr

Pairs with non-Turkic languages

tr az tk uz ky kk tt cv ba ug
en tr-en ky-en
ru cv-ru
mn mn-kk


Rough guide to tagsets in various Turkic language transducers, with an eye to keeping stuff that is basically the same tagged the same. In the following table, A stands for Apertium and T stands for TRmorph.

Phenomenon Morphology Description Tag(s) Language(s) Notes
Ablative case -DAn Case indicating movement away <abl> Pan-turkic
Tense, aspect, mood
Imperative Mood for giving orders <imp>A, <t_imp>T Pan-turkic