Mongolic languages

From Apertium
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Mongolic languages include Khalkha, Buryat, Kalmyk, Ordos, Dagur, Yugur, Monguor, and a number of other languages.


name Language ISO 639 formalism state stems coverage location primary authors
-2 -3
apertium-khk Khalkha (mn) khk HFST (lexc+twol) development 441 ~50.6% apertium-khk (incubator) Jonathan
apertium-bua Buryat bua HFST (lexc+twol) prototype 217 ~34.8% apertium-bua (incubator) Jonathan

Existing language pairs

Text in italic denotes language pairs under development / in the incubator. Regular text denotes a functioning language pair in staging, while text in bold denotes a stable well-working language pair in trunk.

khk bua
khk - bua-khk
bua bua-khk
kaz khk-kaz


This table summarizes the vulnerability of various Mongolic languages. Vulnerability data is derived from the ‘Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger, © UNESCO,’ and Ethnologue.

Language ISO639-3 Location Speakers Status
Ethnologue UNESCO
Mogholi mhj Afghanistan 0 9 (Dormant) 4 (Critically endangered)
Kangjia kxs China 1,000 8a (Moribund) 3 (Severely endangered)
Yugur, East yuy China 4,000 8a (Moribund) 3 (Severely endangered)
Bonan peh China 6,000 7 (Shifting) 2 (Definitely endangered)
Buriat, China bxu China 65,000 7 (Shifting) -
Daur dta China 96,100 7 (Shifting) 4 (Critically endangered)
Tu mjg China 152,000 7 (Shifting) 3 (Severely endangered)
Dongxiang sce China 200,000 6b (Threatened) 1 (Vulnerable)
Kalmyk-Oirat xal Russian Federation 360,500 6b (Threatened) 2 (Definitely endangered)
Buriat, Mongolia bxm Mongolia 45,100 6a (Vigorous) -
Buriat, Russia bxr Russian Federation 219,000 5 (Developing) -
Mongolian, Peripheral mvf China 3,380,000 2 (Provincial) -
Mongolian, Halh khk Mongolia 2,373,260 1 (National) -