Apertium has moved from SourceForge to GitHub.
If you have any questions, please come and talk to us on #apertium on irc.freenode.net or contact the GitHub migration team.

Kurdish

From Apertium
Jump to: navigation, search
Kurdî
(Kurdish)
Family: Indo-Iranian
ISO Codes: ku / kur / kur
Incubator: apertium-kur
Language pairs: {{{pairs}}}

Contents

Some details for the Kurdish (Kurmanji) morphological analyser...

[edit] Parts-of-speech

Parts-of-speech include: lêker (verb), rengdêr (adjectives), hoker (adverb), hejmar (numeral), cînav (pronoun), paşgir (suffix), pêşgir (prefix), nav (noun).

[edit] Nouns

Many Kurdish words are either masculine, nêr or feminine, depending on whom they refer to. The word "heval" is feminine if it refers to a girl / woman, but masculin when it refers to a boy / man, e.g. "hevala min" (my female friend) or "hevalê min" (my male friend). Feminine only words are, e.g. "jin" (woman) or "sêv" (apple). Masculine words are, e.g. "mêr" (man; husband) or "xiyar" (cucumber).

Sometimes the word may be both masculine and feminine with its meaning slightly changing: "dar" is feminine when it refers to a living tree, but masculine when refers to the material used for making fire or furniture.

Kurdish plural, pirrjimar is indicated by adding to the singular, yekjimar, the ending "-an" (or "-yan" if the word ends with a vowel) when used independently or "-ên" (or "-yên" if the word ends with a vowel) when followed by a modifier.

serbixwe = (oblique / accusative), girêdayî = (construct / genitive / +izofa), netewandî = (nominative?), diyar = (definite), nediyar = (indefinite)

[edit] Adjectives

In adjectives, the suffix -tir is added to an adjective to form the comparative, and -tirîn to form superlative.

[edit] Example sentences

  • Tu ne xwêndekarekî baş î. — You are not a good student.

[edit] Further reading

  • W. M. Thackston (2006) Kurmanji Kurdish: A Reference Grammar with Selected Readings

[edit] External links

Personal tools