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ACX format

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En français


The ACX format is used for describing equivalent characters in monodices. If a language has multiple methods of writing a character, for example with Romanian ș and ş, then you can use the file to define them as being equivalent.

It can also be used in languages where the apostrophe is grammatically important (e.g. Catalan) to make sure that several different variants are accepted for analysis. The format is defined in the file acx.rng which can be found in both the lttoolbox and apertium modules on GitHub.

The character equivalence, "B and C are equivalent to A", is expressed as follows:

  <char value="A">
    <equiv-char value="B"/>
    <equiv-char value="C"/>

[edit] Example file

The file apertium-es-ro.ro.acx from apertium-es-ro.

<?xml version="1.0"?>
  <!-- Make apostrophe variants equal ' -->
  <char value="'">
    <equiv-char value="’"/>
    <equiv-char value="ʼ"/>

  <!-- Legacy values for characters with comma -->
  <char value="ț">
    <equiv-char value="ţ"/>
  <char value="Ț">
    <equiv-char value="Ţ"/>
  <char value="ș">
    <equiv-char value="ş"/>
  <char value="Ș">
    <equiv-char value="Ş"/>

  <!-- Orthographic variant -->
  <char value="â">
    <equiv-char value="î"/>

[edit] Compilation

[edit] lttoolbox

The program lt-comp takes one more argument, the ACX file, for example:

$ lt-comp lr apertium-es-ro.ro.dix ro-es.automorf.bin apertium-es-ro.ro.acx 
apostrophes@postblank 104 134
final@inconditional 24 479
main@standard 43130 81174

[edit] HFST

$ hfst-expand-equivalences -a apertium-es-ro.ro.acx romanian.hfst -o romanian-acx.hfst
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