Using an lttoolbox dictionary

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Revision as of 20:26, 21 December 2011 by Objectivesea (talk | contribs) (Minor English syntactic improvement in description)
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This page is intended as an answer to the question "I've found one of these .dix files; how can I use it to analyse text?" First of all, it is worth explaining what a .dix file is: a finite-state transducer for a language encoded in XML. More information on this can be found at the page lttoolbox and monodix basics, but this page only concerns how it is used.


The most basic requirements are:

  • lttoolbox — A finite-state toolkit
  • apertium — A machine translation software platform

The second is necessary for the deformatters. The tools in lttoolbox have a set of escaped characters which must be escaped in running text (see Apertium stream format).

If you have a machine running GNU/Linux or Mac/OS then you can probably install both of these programs fairly easily. For lttoolbox:

$ svn co
cd lttoolbox/
make install

And for apertium:

$ svn co
cd apertium/
make install

Subversion (svn) is a version control system. If you don't have it installed, on Debian/Ubuntu GNU/Linux you can use apt-get install subversion (or get it through Synaptic). On Mac/OS you can use port install subversion (requires MacPorts).

See Installation for more information and troubleshooting.

Using the dictionary

Then, you take the .dix file (e.g. that you have downloaded, and compile it:


See also: Compiling dictionaries
$ lt-comp lr bn.analyser.bin
final@inconditional 8 75
main@standard 6403 13351


Note that the apertium-destxt command is important.

$ echo "উইকিপিডিয়ার বাংলা সংস্করণে স্বাগতম। এই বিশ্বকোষে যে কেউ অবদান রাখতে পারেন। ২১,২৫৫টি ভুক্তির ওপর কাজ চলছে।" | apertium-destxt | lt-proc bn.analyser.bin 
^উইকিপিডিয়ার/*উইকিপিডিয়ার$ ^বাংলা/বাংলা<adj><mf>/বাংলা<n><mf><nn><sg><nom>/বাংলা<n><mf><nn><sg><obj>$ ^সংস্করণে/*সংস্করণে$ ^স্বাগতম/*স্বাগতম$^।/।<sent>$ 
^এই/এই<det><dem>$ ^বিশ্বকোষে/*বিশ্বকোষে$ ^যে/যা<prn><p3><infml><rel><aa><mf><sg><nom>$ ^কেউ/কেউ<prn><p3><aa><mf><sp><nom>$ 
^অবদান/অবদান<n><nt><nn><sg><nom>/অবদান<n><nt><nn><sg><obj>$ ^রাখতে/রাখ<vblex><inf>/রাখ<vblex><past><hbtl><p2><fam>$ 
^পারেন/পার<vblex><pres><smpl><p3><pol>/পার<vblex><pres><smpl><p2><pol>$^।/।<sent>$ ^২১/২১<num>$, ^২৫৫টি/২৫৫<num>$ ^ভুক্তির/*ভুক্তির$ 
^ওপর/ওপর<adv>/ওপর<n><mf><nn><sg><nom>/ওপর<n><mf><nn><sg><obj>$ ^কাজ/কাজ<n><nt><nn><sg><nom>/কাজ<n><nt><nn><sg><obj>$ 

because if unescaped special characters appear in the stream, you will get a std::exception:

$ echo "This is a test ^500" | lt-proc bn.analyser.bin 
This is a test std::exception

(on a Mac, you'll typically see a 9Exception)

See also