Part-of-speech tagging is the process of assigning unambiguous grammatical categories to words in context. The crux of the problem is that surface forms of words can often be assigned more than one part-of-speech by morphological analysis. For example in English, the word "trap" can be both a singular noun ("a trap") or a verb ("I'll trap it").
Hidden Markov Models
- Also referred to as "parts-of-speech"