From Apertium
Revision as of 22:32, 25 March 2016 by Memduh (talk | contribs)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Family: Indo-Iranian
ISO Codes: ku / kur / kur
Incubator: apertium-kur
Language pairs: {{{pairs}}}

Some details for the Kurdish (Kurmanji) morphological analyser...


Parts-of-speech include: lêker (verb), rengdêr (adjectives), hoker (adverb), hejmar (numeral), cînav (pronoun), paşgir (suffix), pêşgir (prefix), nav (noun).


Many Kurdish words are either masculine, nêr or feminine, depending on whom they refer to. The word "heval" is feminine if it refers to a girl / woman, but masculin when it refers to a boy / man, e.g. "hevala min" (my female friend) or "hevalê min" (my male friend). Feminine only words are, e.g. "jin" (woman) or "sêv" (apple). Masculine words are, e.g. "mêr" (man; husband) or "xiyar" (cucumber).

Sometimes the word may be both masculine and feminine with its meaning slightly changing: "dar" is feminine when it refers to a living tree, but masculine when refers to the material used for making fire or furniture.

Kurdish plural, pirrjimar is indicated by adding to the singular, yekjimar, the ending "-an" (or "-yan" if the word ends with a vowel) when used independently or "-ên" (or "-yên" if the word ends with a vowel) when followed by a modifier.

serbixwe = (oblique / accusative), girêdayî = (construct / genitive / +izofa), netewandî = (nominative?), diyar = (definite), nediyar = (indefinite)


In adjectives, the suffix -tir is added to an adjective to form the comparative, and -tirîn to form superlative.

Example sentences

  • Tu ne xwêndekarekî baş î. — You are not a good student.

Further reading

  • W. M. Thackston (2006) Kurmanji Kurdish: A Reference Grammar with Selected Readings

External links