Basic Grammar Guide

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This guide will introduce you to the basics of grammar. It will go into detail on the basic parts-of-speech.


A noun is a person, place, thing, or idea. A proper noun names a specific person, place, or thing, and is almost always capitalized. Some examples include America, Microsoft, Buddhism, and President. Common nouns are everything else that is not a proper noun. When referring to more than one instance of a noun, one must use the plural form of the noun. For most nouns, -s is added to form the plural. In words ending in -sh, -ch, -s, -ss, -x, or -o, the plural is formed by adding -es to the end of the noun. There are also other rules about forming the plural. Some words are irregular nouns, meaning that they do not follow any specific rules when pluralized. Examples include woman (two women), ox (two oxen), and goose (two geese).