Apertium on Ubuntu or Debian

From Apertium
Revision as of 15:00, 23 November 2008 by (talk) (if the ~/local/bin directory was just created, the user needs to add it to his path)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

There a various releases of Ubunutu :

  • Dapper Drake
  • Edgy Eft
  • Feisty Fawn
  • Gutsy Gibbon

Dapper Drake

Several programs that are needed cannot be installed easily on Dapper Drake, because the version available with apt-get are too old. We suggest to install a newer version of Ubuntu as for example Edgy Eft or Feisty Fawn

Edgy Eft

This is guide to install Apertium under Ubuntu Edgy Eft, aka Ubuntu 6.10

Installing by SVN

sudo -s

enter your root password

apt-get install subversion build-essential g++ pkg-config libxml2 libxml2-dev libxml2-utils xsltproc flex automake autoconf libtool libpcre3-dev  

Then click yes.

Wait till the packages are downloaded and installed.


Go to the root of your home directory

mkdir local
mkdir source
cd source

svn co http://apertium.svn.sourceforge.net/svnroot/apertium/trunk apertium

Go to lttoolbox directory with

cd apertium/lttoolbox

Then launch autogen.sh


Launch configure (Replace $USER by your user name)

./configure --prefix=/home/$USER/local/

Launch make


That last command may takes some minutes.

make install
 cd .. 
 cd apertium 
PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/home/$USER/local/lib/pkgconfig ./autogen.sh
PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/home/$USER/local/lib/pkgconfig ./configure --prefix=/home/$USER/local/

Do not forget to replace (twice) $USER by your Ubuntu user name.

make install
cd ..

You have then to compile the language pairs that you want to use. It is the same procedure for every pair, we would give an example with apertium-fr-es

cd apertium-fr-es/
sh autogen.sh 
PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/home/$USER/local/lib/pkgconfig ./configure --prefix=/home/$USER/local/

If compilation does not work, you might need to add the directory with Apertium binaries to your path:

export PATH=$PATH:/home/$USER/local/bin

Make a test

echo "J'ai deux frères" | apertium fr-es

Replace $USER with your Ubuntu user name.

If you edit the linguistics data, do not forget to type "make" to update.

Installing tarball (tar.gz)

The tarball howto is not finnished yet.

Go to http://sourceforge.net/project/showfiles.php?group_id=143781&package_id=159345 and download the latest version

tar xzvf lttoolbox-2.0.3.tar.gz (or put the name of a newer version) cd lttoolbox-2.0.3/ ./configure sudo su (enter your password) make

Go to http://sourceforge.net/project/showfiles.php?group_id=143781&package_id=157932 and download the latest version (2.0.3 as of June 2007)

tar xzvf apertium-2.0.3.tar.gz (or put the name of a newer version) cd apertium-2.0.3.tar.gz ./configure


From Ubuntu's repository

An old version of Apertium is available for Feisty (http://packages.ubuntu.com/feisty/libs/apertium)

Example: installing apertium and apertium-es-ca sudo apt-get install apertium apertium-es-ca or System -> Administration -> Synaptic -> Search apertium-es-ca -> Install

From SVN

Same as for Edgy

Gutsy Gibbon

There is an apertium version in ubuntu repository and you can do the same like Feisty.


This documentation is partly based on the following resources: