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Zulu

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Contents

Verbs

"uyambona"
"u-ya-m-bon-a"
he is seeing her
  • u - subject morpheme
  • ya - tense marker of present tense (the so called "long form")
  • m - subject morpheme
  • -bona - verb stem consisting of bon - verb root and -a the categorial morpheme[1]


u-baba u-bon-a um-ntwana
the father sees the child
u-baba aka-bon-i um-ntwana
the father doesn't see the child
u-baba u-zo-bon-a um-ntwana
the father will see the child
  • zo - nearer future
u-yo-m-bon-a
he will see it
  • yo - far future


u-bon-ile
he saw
u-m-bon-ile
he saw it
wa-bon-a
he saw it long ago
aka-m-bon-anga
he didn't see it
  • aka is the negative morpheme for nouns in class 1 (like ubaba)
aku-zu-m-bon-a
he will not see it


ba-ya-bon-ana
they see each other
  • -ana indicates reflexive

Notes

  1. the categorial morpheme is the last part of the verb stem indicating certain grammatical and semantic information

External links

Resources

This section lists resources available on Kazakh. These are not associated with apertium, for the most part.

General

Machine translation

Dictionaries and phrasebooks

Grammars

Cognate Languages - Lewis Grout]

Morphology

Miscellaneous

Personal tools