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User:Popcorndude/Recursive Transfer

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Is "implement subset of formalism" the work on the parser? —[[User:Firespeaker|Firespeaker]] ([[User talk:Firespeaker|talk]]) 04:38, 22 March 2019 (CET)
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Revision as of 05:38, 22 March 2019

Google Summer of Code 2019 proposal draft



Name: Daniel Swanson

Email: awesomeevildudes@gmail.com

IRC: popcorndude

GitHub: https://github.com/mr-martian

Timezone: UTC-5


I would like to implement an alternative to the current chunking system for structural transfer as described at Ideas_for_Google_Summer_of_Code/Robust_recursive_transfer. The new system would take a set of recursively defined rules generate a GLR parser which will make it much easier to handle long-distance phrasal reordering and will probably also significantly reduce the size of existing rule sets. A draft of the formalism for these rules can be found at User:Popcorndude/Recursive_Transfer/Formalism.

This project would benefit the community by making it much easier to write transfer rules for syntactically dissimilar languages and to the extent that it makes rule sets smaller, it will presumably also make them easier to maintain.


I am a sophomore at Swarthmore College studying math and linguistics. Last year I took a class in computational linguistics using Apertium and this year I am a course assistant for that class. Last summer I worked on a personal translation project (code here) which involved a lot of structural transfer and writing a recursive descent parser.

I have a lot of experience with Python and a basic knowledge of C++. I am a native speaker of English and can read Spanish and Biblical Hebrew.

I have been interested in rule-based machine translation for several years, particularly as it might be applied to Bible translation. I am interested in Apertium because it already does pretty much everything I was trying to do with the system I was building on my own except for complex syntactic relations, and this GSoC project would fill that gap.

Coding Challenge

All my code is on GitHub at https://github.com/mr-martian/GSoC19-recursive


So far I have reimplemented the Python script from the prototype and added support for attribute categories and parameterized nodes.


gender = m f;
#noun $gender -> #(n.$gender);
#adj $gender -> #(adj.$gender);
NP $gender -> noun adj { 2 1 } ;

The defines a category "gender" consisting of <m> and <f>. The lexical categories "noun" and "adj", matching things of the form "word<n><C>" and "word<adj><C>", respectively, where C is <m> or <f>. The last line defines a non-terminal node "NP" which matches a noun followed by an adjective of the same gender, so "carro<n><m>/car<n> rojo<adj><m>/red<adj>" would become "rojo<adj><m>/red<adj> carro<n><m>/car<n>" but "carro<n><m>/car<n> roja<adj><f>" would not be matched.


I rewrote a portion of the English->Spanish noun phrase rules in a potential transfer formalism. https://github.com/mr-martian/GSoC19-recursive/blob/master/eng-spa.rtx

Work Plan

Community Bonding Period and week 1 Read up on GLR parsers and finalize first draft of formalism
weeks 2 and 3 Implement subset of formalism
week 4 Test by writing noun phrase rules for eng->spa
evaluation 1 Basic parser done

Is "implement subset of formalism" the work on the parser? —Firespeaker (talk) 04:38, 22 March 2019 (CET)

weeks 5 and 6 Implement remainder of formalism
weeks 7 and 8 Write the rest of eng->spa, begin working on spa->eng
evaluation 2 Working eng->spa transfer program
week 9 Finish spa->eng
week 10 Documentation and further testing
weeks 11 and 12 Either a buffer for things taking longer than expected or conversion of a second language pair
final evaluation

I have no other commitments this summer and would be able to work on this project full-time.

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