Latin and English/Contrastive Grammar
This page covers the differences between Latin and English.
In English, sentences are built around the SVO (Subject-Verb-Object) word order.
Although word order can be varied in Latin to emphasize different meanings, it is not a necessary component of comprehension, as it is in English. Instead, a word's function in a sentence is determined by its ending.
The following are sentences considered grammatically correct in Latin alongside literal English translations without word rearrangement.
- Puella ascendit arborem. - The girl climbs the tree.
- Puella arborem ascendit. - The girl the tree climbs.
- Arborem ascendit puella. - The tree climbs the girl.