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Latin and English/Contrastive Grammar

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This page covers the differences between Latin and English.

Contents

Articles

Diacritical Marks

Nouns

Gender

Declension

Verbs

Word Order

In English, sentences are built around the SVO (Subject-Verb-Object) word order.

Although word order can be varied in Latin to emphasize different meanings, it is not a necessary component of comprehension, as it is in English. Instead, a word's function in a sentence is determined by its ending.

The following are sentences considered grammatically correct in Latin alongside literal English translations without word rearrangement.

  • Puella ascendit arborem. - The girl climbs the tree.
  • Puella arborem ascendit. - The girl the tree climbs.
  • Arborem ascendit puella. - The tree climbs the girl.
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