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Kurdish

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* [http://xixona.dlsi.ua.es/~fran/kurdish/ lttoolbox Kurdish analyser online]
 
* [http://xixona.dlsi.ua.es/~fran/kurdish/ lttoolbox Kurdish analyser online]
* [https://apertium.svn.sourceforge.net/svnroot/apertium/incubator/apertium-kur apertium-kur]
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* [https://apertium.svn.sourceforge.net/svnroot/apertium/incubator/apertium-kmr apertium-kmr]
   
 
[[Category:Languages]]
 
[[Category:Languages]]

Revision as of 23:32, 25 March 2016

Kurdî
(Kurdish)
Family: Indo-Iranian
ISO Codes: ku / kur / kur
Incubator: apertium-kur
Language pairs: {{{pairs}}}

Contents

Some details for the Kurdish (Kurmanji) morphological analyser...

Parts-of-speech

Parts-of-speech include: lêker (verb), rengdêr (adjectives), hoker (adverb), hejmar (numeral), cînav (pronoun), paşgir (suffix), pêşgir (prefix), nav (noun).

Nouns

Many Kurdish words are either masculine, nêr or feminine, depending on whom they refer to. The word "heval" is feminine if it refers to a girl / woman, but masculin when it refers to a boy / man, e.g. "hevala min" (my female friend) or "hevalê min" (my male friend). Feminine only words are, e.g. "jin" (woman) or "sêv" (apple). Masculine words are, e.g. "mêr" (man; husband) or "xiyar" (cucumber).

Sometimes the word may be both masculine and feminine with its meaning slightly changing: "dar" is feminine when it refers to a living tree, but masculine when refers to the material used for making fire or furniture.

Kurdish plural, pirrjimar is indicated by adding to the singular, yekjimar, the ending "-an" (or "-yan" if the word ends with a vowel) when used independently or "-ên" (or "-yên" if the word ends with a vowel) when followed by a modifier.

serbixwe = (oblique / accusative), girêdayî = (construct / genitive / +izofa), netewandî = (nominative?), diyar = (definite), nediyar = (indefinite)

Adjectives

In adjectives, the suffix -tir is added to an adjective to form the comparative, and -tirîn to form superlative.

Example sentences

  • Tu ne xwêndekarekî baş î. — You are not a good student.

Further reading

  • W. M. Thackston (2006) Kurmanji Kurdish: A Reference Grammar with Selected Readings

External links

Personal tools