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IsiZulu Grammar

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(Created page with "=Grammar= ==Verbs== :"uyambona" :"u-ya-m-bon-a" :''he is seeing her '' :*u - subject morpheme :*ya - tense marker of present tense (the so called "long form") :*m - subject...")
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Revision as of 22:22, 4 January 2018


he is seeing her
  • u - subject morpheme
  • ya - tense marker of present tense (the so called "long form")
  • m - subject morpheme
  • -bona - verb stem consisting of bon - verb root and -a the categorial morpheme[1]

u-baba u-bon-a um-ntwana
the father sees the child
u-baba aka-bon-i um-ntwana
the father doesn't see the child
u-baba u-zo-bon-a um-ntwana
the father will see the child
  • zo - nearer future
he will see it
  • yo - far future

he saw
he saw it
he saw it long ago
he didn't see it
  • aka is the negative morpheme for nouns in class 1 (like ubaba)
he will not see it

they see each other
  • -ana indicates reflexive


  1. the categorial morpheme is the last part of the verb stem indicating certain grammatical and semantic information

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