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Inconditional section

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[[Section inconditionnelle|En français]]
 
[[Section inconditionnelle|En français]]
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The <section> element in a dix file can be of type standard, inconditional, postblank or preblank.[https://github.com/apertium/lttoolbox/blob/master/lttoolbox/dix.dtd#L59]
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The section type is used to change how tokenisation works.
   
 
==inconditional==
 
==inconditional==
   
An inconditional ('unconditional') section of a dictionary typically contains punctuation, and such things.
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Normally, analysis must be separated by spaces (or other blanks), but an analysis in an 'inconditional' section can appear right after or before other analyses ('standard' or non-standard) or even right next to unknowns. The 'inconditional' section of a dictionary typically contains punctuation, and such things.
   
The main section of a dictionary works on a longest-match basis.
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In detail:
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Analysis in lttoolbox works in a left-to-right longest match fashion. We read characters from input, trying to match them in the transducer, and if we've reached a final transition when at the "end" of the input word, we can output the analysis (or we can try matching something even longer, but if not we use the match we found). But how do we know when we're at the end of an input word? Any "blank" character (not in <alphabet> in .dix files) is allowed to separate words, so e.g. spaces or other strange characters can separate words. But we may also say that certain words-with-analyses can separate words – to mark an analysis as "may act as word-separator", we put it in the 'inconditional' section.
   
Inconditional means 'if you see this, stop processing immediately and start reading a new word'. Stop when you reach the end of a possible transduction.
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<!--
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This is wrong:
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"Inconditional means 'if you see this, stop processing immediately and start reading a new word'. Stop when you reach the end of a possible transduction."
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- we can have '.' in inconditional section and still get one long analysis of "Dr. Octagon" if "Dr. Octagon" is in e.g. the standard section. But if there was no analysis of the string up until the '.', then we may immediately output an unknown.
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-->
   
You could say that the "only" difference is that a space is not required to start a new match.
 
   
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
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</pre>
 
</pre>
   
It doesn't need the space between 23 and men because numbers are in an 'inconditional' section.
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In the above, we don't need the space between 23 and men because numbers are in an 'inconditional' section.
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We can get some weird effects by putting plain characters in 'inconditional':
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
<dictionary>
 
<dictionary>

Latest revision as of 08:20, 8 June 2019

En français

The <section> element in a dix file can be of type standard, inconditional, postblank or preblank.[1]

The section type is used to change how tokenisation works.

Contents

[edit] inconditional

Normally, analysis must be separated by spaces (or other blanks), but an analysis in an 'inconditional' section can appear right after or before other analyses ('standard' or non-standard) or even right next to unknowns. The 'inconditional' section of a dictionary typically contains punctuation, and such things.

In detail: Analysis in lttoolbox works in a left-to-right longest match fashion. We read characters from input, trying to match them in the transducer, and if we've reached a final transition when at the "end" of the input word, we can output the analysis (or we can try matching something even longer, but if not we use the match we found). But how do we know when we're at the end of an input word? Any "blank" character (not in <alphabet> in .dix files) is allowed to separate words, so e.g. spaces or other strange characters can separate words. But we may also say that certain words-with-analyses can separate words – to mark an analysis as "may act as word-separator", we put it in the 'inconditional' section.


$ echo 23men |apertium -d . en-it-anmor
^23/23<num>$^men/man<n><pl>$^./.<sent>$

In the above, we don't need the space between 23 and men because numbers are in an 'inconditional' section.


We can get some weird effects by putting plain characters in 'inconditional':

<dictionary>
  <alphabet>ab</alphabet>
  <sdefs>
    <sdef n="aa"/>
    <sdef n="ab"/>
  </sdefs>
  <section id="foo" type="inconditional">
    <e><p><l>a</l><r>a<s n="aa"/></r></p></e>
    <e><p><l>aa</l><r>aa<s n="aa"/></r></p></e>
  </section>
</dictionary>

$ echo aaa |lt-proc  sample.bin
^aa/aa<aa>$^a/a<aa>$

$ echo aaaa |lt-proc  sample.bin
^aa/aa<aa>$^aa/aa<aa>$

$ echo aaaaa |lt-proc  sample.bin
^aa/aa<aa>$^aa/aa<aa>$^a/a<aa>$

[edit] postblank / preblank

The postblank and preblank sections work exactly like inconditional with respect to how they tokenise the input. The only difference is that anything in a postblank section will make lt-proc output a space after the token (in preblank, before the token).

So if "☃" is in postblank (tagged sent), and "foo" and "bar" are in a regular section (tagged n), then we get:

$ echo 'foo☃bar' | lt-proc analyser.bin
^foo/foo<n>$^☃/☃<sent>$ ^bar/bar<n>$

If "☃" were in preblank, we'd get:

$ echo 'foo☃bar' | lt-proc analyser.bin
^foo/foo<n>$ ^☃/☃<sent>$^bar/bar<n>$

[edit] Why is this useful?

TODO

[edit] See also

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