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Finnish and German/Pending tests

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(most basics)
(separable)
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* {{test|deu|ich schlafe|minä nukun}}
 
* {{test|deu|ich schlafe|minä nukun}}
 
* {{test|fin|nukun|ich schlafe}}
 
* {{test|fin|nukun|ich schlafe}}
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  +
====Separable prefixes====
  +
  +
German can separate prefixes with infinite stuff intervening
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; to capture
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* {{test|deu|die Katze fangen eine Maus|kissa vangitsee hiiren}}
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; to begin
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* {{test|deu|wir anfangen von vorne|aloitamme edestä}}
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* {{test|deu|fangen sie von vorne an!|aloittakaa edestä!}}
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; ankündigen
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* {{test|deu|Delegationen kündigten in Caracas an|delegaatiot tiedottivat Caracasissa}}
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* {{test|deu|Die 62-Jährige kündigte in Berlin an|62-vuotias tiedotti Berliinissä}}
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  +
   
 
===Adjectives===
 
===Adjectives===

Revision as of 16:39, 10 August 2017

see also Finnish and German/Regression tests

Contents

Determiners

German has articles, Finnish not so...

the
  • (deu) der
  • (fin) tämä → die

Nouns

German requires and article for nominals.

house
  • (deu) das Haus → talo
  • (fin) talo → Haus

Proper nouns

Just a small nuisance with apertium's np classes *and* genders.

Jack
  • (deu) Jack → Jack
  • (fin) Jack → Jack
Finland
  • (deu) Finnland → Suomi
  • (fin) Suomi → Finnland

Pronouns

Well, yeah.

I
  • (deu) ich → minä
  • (fin) minä → ich
me
  • (deu) mich → minut
  • (fin) minut → mich
  • (fin) minua → mich
to me
  • (deu) mir → minulle
  • (fin) minulle → mir

Verbs

German is anti-drop.

sleep
  • (deu) ich schlafe → minä nukun
  • (fin) nukun → ich schlafe

Separable prefixes

German can separate prefixes with infinite stuff intervening

to capture
  • (deu) die Katze fangen eine Maus → kissa vangitsee hiiren
to begin
  • (deu) wir anfangen von vorne → aloitamme edestä
  • (deu) fangen sie von vorne an! → aloittakaa edestä!
ankündigen
  • (deu) Delegationen kündigten in Caracas an → delegaatiot tiedottivat Caracasissa
  • (deu) Die 62-Jährige kündigte in Berlin an → 62-vuotias tiedotti Berliinissä


Adjectives

German adjective should agree with noun on their genders.

red
  • (deu) ein rotes Haus → punainen talo
  • (fin) punainen talo → rotes Haus

Adverbs

German adverbs are quite but not totally like Finnish; biggest problem is 0-conversion ADV<->ADJ and resulting disamb. problematics

fast
  • (deu) ich schlafe schnell → minä nukun nopeasti
  • (fin) nukun nopeasti → ich schlafe schnell

Conjunctions

also

and
  • (deu) und → ja
  • (fin) ja → und
because
  • (deu) weil → koska
  • (fin) koska → weil

Adpositions

German adps have some case requirements but also case variation to determine what happens as well.

behind
  • (deu) hinter dem Haus → talon takana :: dative is static
  • (deu) hinter das Haus → talon taakse :: accusative is movement
  • (fin) talon takana → hinter dem Haus
  • (fin) talon taakse → hitner das Haus

Numerals

Numerals are ok by themselves usually

one
  • (deu) eins → yksi
  • (fin) yksi → eins
two
  • (deu) zwei → kaksi
  • (fin) kaksi → zwei
third
  • (deu) dritte → kolmas
  • (fin) kolmas → dritte

Numeral phrases are all weird

Digits

nothing very strange, of course slightly differing orthographies for lots of dinge

1000
  • (deu) 1000 → 1000
  • (fin) 1000 → 1000

Interjections

As use

hi
  • (deu) hallo → hei
  • (fin) hei → hallo

Punktion

Fin uses UPOS German apertium style dozen of classes.

full stop
  • (deu) . → .
  • (fin) . → .
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