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Category:Languages of India

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(Most widely spoken languages of India)
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The Indian languages belong to four language families: Indo-European, Dravidian, Mon-Khmer, and Sino-Tibetan. Indo-European and Dravidian languages are used by a large majority of India's population. The language families divide roughly into geographic groups. Languages of the Indo-European group are spoken mainly in northern and central regions.
   
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The languages of southern India are mainly of the Dravidian group. Some ethnic groups in Assam and other parts of eastern India speak languages of the Mon-Khmer group. People in the northern Himalayan region and near the Burmese border speak Sino-Tibetan languages.
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Speakers of 54 different languages of the Indo-European family make up about three-quarters of India's population. Twenty Dravidian languages are spoken by nearly a quarter of the people. Speakers of 20 Mon-Khmer languages and 98 Sino-Tibetan languages together make up about 2 percent of the population.
   
 
== Status ==
 
== Status ==

Revision as of 11:05, 9 December 2019

Contents

Most widely spoken languages of India

  1. Hindi
  2. English
  3. Bengali
  4. Marathi
  5. Telegu
  6. Tamil
  7. Malayalam
  8. Kashmiri
  9. Urdu
  10. Sanskrit

The Indian languages belong to four language families: Indo-European, Dravidian, Mon-Khmer, and Sino-Tibetan. Indo-European and Dravidian languages are used by a large majority of India's population. The language families divide roughly into geographic groups. Languages of the Indo-European group are spoken mainly in northern and central regions.

The languages of southern India are mainly of the Dravidian group. Some ethnic groups in Assam and other parts of eastern India speak languages of the Mon-Khmer group. People in the northern Himalayan region and near the Burmese border speak Sino-Tibetan languages.

Speakers of 54 different languages of the Indo-European family make up about three-quarters of India's population. Twenty Dravidian languages are spoken by nearly a quarter of the people. Speakers of 20 Mon-Khmer languages and 98 Sino-Tibetan languages together make up about 2 percent of the population.

Status

Name Language Stems Covergae Loctaion
Apertium-hin Hindi 37,833 ~83.1% Apertium-hin
Apertium-urd Urdu 14,943 ~64.6% Apertium-urd


Existing language pairs

Language pairs Language 1 Language 2
apertium-urd-hin Urdu Hindi
apertium-eng-hin English Hindi
apertium-as-hi Assamese Hindi
apertium-bn-hi Bengali Hindi
apertium-guj-hin Gujarati Hindi
apertium-hin-pan Hindi Punjabi
apertium-mar-hin Marathi Hindi
apertium-snd-hin Sindhi Hindi
apertium-urd-pan Urdu Punjabi
apertium-urd-snd Urdu Sindhi


Vulnerability

This table summarizes the vulnerability of various Indian languages. Vulnerability data is derived from the ‘Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger, © UNESCO, http://www.unesco.org/culture/languages-atlas’,IASSCORE and Wikipedia.

Language Status ISO 639-3 State where language is spoken
Aimol Critically endangered aim Manipur
Baghati Critically endangered bfz Himachal Pradesh
Bellari Critically endangered brw Karnataka
Gadaba Critically endangered gdb, gau Andhra Pradesh
Handuri Critically endangered hii Himachal Pradesh
Koraga Vulnerable nbe Karnataka
Kuruba Critically endangered kfi Karnataka
Sentilese Vulnerable sen Andaman & Nicobar
Mandeali Definitely endangered mjl Himachal Pradesh
Mara Definitely endangered mrh Mizoram


Sample Text

This section contains examples of text of Indian languages.

text="All human beings are born free and equal in value and rights. Everyone is endowed with wisdom and conscience, so it is imperative for them to treat one another with the spirit of brotherhood."

Language Text
Hindi सभी मनुष्य मूल्य और अधिकारों में स्वतंत्र और समान पैदा होते हैं। हर कोई ज्ञान और विवेक से संपन्न है, इसलिए उनके लिए भाईचारे की भावना के साथ एक-दूसरे के साथ व्यवहार करना अनिवार्य है।
Bengali সমস্ত ধর্ম মূল্য এবং অধিকারসমূহে স্বতন্ত্র এবং সমান উত্পাদন রয়েছে। হরিণ এবং জ্ঞানচর্চা থেকে রবীন্দ্রনাথ, তাই আমাদের ভ্রাতৃত্বের সাথে একটি অনুভূতি রয়েছে যার সাথে অনুশীলন করা যেতে পারে वार
Marathi सर्व मानव स्वतंत्र आणि समान आणि मूल्य आणि अधिकारात जन्माला येतात. प्रत्येकजण शहाणपणा आणि विवेकबुद्धीने संपन्न आहे म्हणूनच बंधुत्वाच्या भावनेने एकमेकांशी वागणे अत्यावश्यक आहे.
Telugu మానవులందరూ స్వేచ్ఛగా మరియు విలువ మరియు హక్కులలో సమానంగా జన్మించారు. ప్రతి ఒక్కరూ జ్ఞానం మరియు మనస్సాక్షిని కలిగి ఉంటారు, కాబట్టి ఆత్మ యొక్క సోదరభావం మరొకరితో వారిని అత్యవసరంగా చూస్తుంది.
Tamil எல்லா மனிதர்களும் சுதந்திரமாகவும் மதிப்பு மற்றும் உரிமைகளில் சமமாகவும் பிறந்தவர்கள். ஒவ்வொருவருக்கும் ஞானமும் மனசாட்சியும் உண்டு, ஆகவே அவர்கள் ஒருவருக்கொருவர் சகோதரத்துவ மனப்பான்மையுடன் நடந்துகொள்வது கட்டாயமாகும்.
Urdu تمام انسان آزاد اور مساوی اور حقوق کے برابر پیدا ہوئے ہیں۔ ہر ایک عقل اور ضمیر سے مالا مال ہے ، لہذا ان کے لئے لازم ہے کہ آپس میں بھائی چارے کے جذبے سے پیش آئیں۔
Punjabi ਸਾਰੇ ਮਨੁੱਖ ਜਨਮ ਅਤੇ ਆਜ਼ਾਦ ਅਤੇ ਮੁੱਲ ਅਤੇ ਅਧਿਕਾਰ ਦੇ ਬਰਾਬਰ ਪੈਦਾ ਹੁੰਦੇ ਹਨ. ਹਰ ਕੋਈ ਬੁੱਧ ਅਤੇ ਜ਼ਮੀਰ ਨਾਲ ਬਖਸ਼ਿਆ ਹੋਇਆ ਹੈ, ਇਸ ਲਈ ਉਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਲਾਜ਼ਮੀ ਹੈ ਕਿ ਉਹ ਇਕ ਦੂਜੇ ਨਾਲ ਭਾਈਚਾਰੇ ਦੀ ਭਾਵਨਾ ਨਾਲ ਪੇਸ਼ ਆਉਣ.
Malayalam എല്ലാ മനുഷ്യരും സ്വതന്ത്രമായും മൂല്യത്തിലും അവകാശങ്ങളിലും തുല്യരായി ജനിക്കുന്നു. ഓരോരുത്തർക്കും ജ്ഞാനവും മന ci സാക്ഷിയും ഉണ്ട്, അതിനാൽ അവർ പരസ്പരം സാഹോദര്യത്തിന്റെ മനോഭാവത്തോടെ പെരുമാറേണ്ടത് അത്യാവശ്യമാണ്.
Kannada ಎಲ್ಲಾ ಮಾನವರು ಮುಕ್ತ ಮತ್ತು ಮೌಲ್ಯ ಮತ್ತು ಹಕ್ಕುಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಸಮಾನವಾಗಿ ಜನಿಸುತ್ತಾರೆ. ಪ್ರತಿಯೊಬ್ಬರೂ ಬುದ್ಧಿವಂತಿಕೆ ಮತ್ತು ಆತ್ಮಸಾಕ್ಷಿಯನ್ನು ಹೊಂದಿದ್ದಾರೆ, ಆದ್ದರಿಂದ ಅವರು ಪರಸ್ಪರ ಸಹೋದರತ್ವದ ಮನೋಭಾವದಿಂದ ವರ್ತಿಸುವುದು ಕಡ್ಡಾಯವಾಗಿದೆ

Subcategories

This category has the following 6 subcategories, out of 6 total.

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