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Apertium on Ubuntu or Debian

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[[Installation sur Ubuntu ou Debian|En français]]
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#REDIRECT [[Installation]]
   
 
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Latest revision as of 18:28, 27 April 2017

  1. REDIRECT Installation

Contents

Old installation instructions for Ubuntu/Debian and similar.






This page is out-of-date, you should probably be reading Installation instead.






This page is out-of-date, you should probably be reading Installation instead.












[edit] Installing the not-quite-recent package (simple)

If you just want to use Apertium for translation, and don't want to develop anything, you can probably just search for, tick off and install Apertium and your favorite language pairs in Synaptic. There's a friendly Synaptic HOWTO here. This should install the required dependencies too.


If you want to contribute to Apertium or change how it runs in any way, you'll want to install from SVN. Read on below.

[edit] Installing the newest version from SVN (more complicated)

Step 1: install the prerequisites. Open a terminal window and type

sudo apt-get install subversion build-essential pkg-config gawk libxml2 \
libxml2-dev libxml2-utils xsltproc flex automake libtool libpcre3-dev zlib1g

enter your password and Wait till the packages are downloaded and installed.


Step 2: Download apertium, lttoolbox and language pairs from SVN.

svn co http://svn.code.sf.net/p/apertium/svn/trunk/ apertium

Note: The above checkout will download lots of files (over 8Gb) with all the released language pairs. If you have limited bandwidth or disk space (or time), please follow the Minimal installation from SVN instead.


Step 3: Compile and install lttoolbox.

cd apertium
cd lttoolbox/
PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/usr/local/lib/pkgconfig ./autogen.sh
make
sudo make install
sudo ldconfig


Step 4: Compile and install apertium.

cd ..
cd apertium/
PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/usr/local/lib/pkgconfig ./autogen.sh
make
sudo make install
sudo ldconfig


Step 5: You can now compile the language pairs that you want to use. It's the same procedure for every pair.

Note: we give an example with apertium-fr-es

cd ..
cd apertium-fr-es/
PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/usr/local/lib/pkgconfig ./autogen.sh
make
sudo make install


Step 6: Try it out

echo "J'ai deux frères" | apertium fr-es

[edit] Updating

If you edit the linguistic data, do not forget to type "make" to update, and "sudo make install" to install the updated data.

[edit] Compiling all the linguistic data

To compile all the pairs without typing each directory once you can use the following script:

list=`ls -d apertium-??-??` # list of folders with a name like apertium-xx-xx
for folder in $list 
do
 cd $folder >> ../compile.txt
 PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/usr/local/lib/pkgconfig ./autogen.sh >> ../compile.txt
 make >> ../compile.txt
 sudo make install >> ../compile.txt
 cd ..
done

Run the script, and go and make a cup of coffee… this could take a while.

Inside compile.txt you can see some of the results of the compilation.

[edit] Troubleshooting

See Installation troubleshooting.

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